farm animals

What are Farm Animals and their Benefits?


What are Farm Animals?

Farm animals are animals raised or kept primarily for consumption, to generate income and/or to help with some farm operations. Another name for them is Livestock. The difference between farm animals (FA) and wild animals is that FA live among men while wild animals live in the wild, forest, jungle etc.

Examples of Farm Animals

The common ones are goats, sheep, cattle, oxen, camels, buffalos, horses, donkeys, mules, pigs, chickens, turkeys, ducks, and geese. Some animals are grouped as micro-livestock and they include rabbits, cane rats, guinea pigs etc.

Also Read: Merits and Demerits of Raising Animals in Confinement

Classes of Farm Animals

Farm animals can be grouped based on their digestive system. These classes include monogastric, ruminant and pseudo-ruminant animals.


1. Monogastric Animals (Simple Stomach)

Examples of monogastrics include:

  • All poultry species
  • Pigs
  • Horses
  • Donkey
  • Rabbits
  • Cane rats
  • Guinea pigs

2. Ruminants Animals

Examples of ruminants include:

  • Goats
  • Sheep
  • Cattle
  • Buffalos

3. Pseudo-ruminant Animals

Examples of pseudo-ruminants include:

  • Camels
  • Alpacas

There are many reasons attributed to raising farm animals. These include:

  • Meat production
  • Milk production
  • Egg production
  • Companionship
  • Income generation

Also Read: Reasons for Keeping or Raising Animals



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