Layer Feed Formulation & Formula

Layer feed formulation involves the selection of ingredients and their proportions to create a balanced diet for egg-laying chickens. The dietary needs of layers change as they progress through different life stages, so the formulation must be adjusted regularly to ensure that the hens are getting the right nutrients for optimal health and egg production.

Commercial layer feeds are available but often costly, but home-mixing can be a more cost-effective and cheaper way to provide chickens with a balanced diet.

What is Layer Feed?

Layer feed is a specialized diet for chickens that are laying eggs. It is low in protein and high in calcium to meet the nutritional needs of egg-laying hens. Layer feed should also contain other nutrients that are important for egg production, including vitamins, minerals and essential amino acids.

Layer feed is a specialized diet designed to meet the nutritional needs of egg-laying hens. Layer chickens need high-quality layer feed in order to produce healthy eggs. As earlier mentioned, the formulation of layer feed must be adjusted regularly to ensure that the hens are getting the right nutrients for optimal health and egg production.

A variety of ingredients can be used in a layer feed formulation, including grains, protein supplements, vitamins, and minerals. The proportions of each ingredient must be carefully balanced to create a diet that meets the hens’ nutritional needs.

Egg Layers Farming

What are the Ingredients in a Layer Feed?

The ingredients in layer feed vary depending on the specific needs of the chickens. However, some common ingredients include:

  • Maize or corn
  • Wheat
  • Wheat offal or bran
  • Rice offal or bran
  • Soybean meal
  • Groundnut meal
  • Bone meal
  • Vitamins & Minerals Premix

Layer Feed Stages

Layer hens need different types of feed as they progress through different life stages.

  • Chickens in their first 6 weeks of life are called chicks and should be fed chick starter feed.
  • Pullets that are 6 to 18 weeks old should be switched to grower feed
  • Layers that are more than 18 weeks old and have attained 10% egg production should be given layer feed.

Please note:

  • Chicks that are not yet laying eggs should be fed a diet that is higher in protein (18%) and energy (2800 kcal/kg min.) than the diets given to older chickens.
  • Laying hens need diets that are lower in energy (2700 kcal/kg min.), protein (16-17% CP) and higher in calcium (3.5-4% Ca) to support egg production.
  • Chickens that are not laying eggs should not be given layer feed, as it can lead to problems with bone development and egg production. Instead, they should be fed a diet that is higher in protein and energy, such as a poultry grower feed.

To prepare a layer mash or pellets for layers, you need to consider a few things which include the nutritional requirements of laying chickens, the nutritional composition of the feed ingredients to use and the quality of the feed ingredients.

Layer feed formulation could be a herculean task for new poultry keepers, using a tested and proven layer feed formula can make the process easier. If you need a sample of a layer feed formula to produce layer mash for your broilers, use the one below:

IngredientQuantity (kg/100kg)
Soybean Meal10
Wheat Offal12
Bone Meal1.9
Palm Kernel Cake6.5
Groundnut Cake15
Layer Premix0.25
Toxin Binder0.15

Disclaimer: Livestocking Blog or our authors are not responsible for any damage, loss or negative effect of using the above formula on your birds or animals.

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Akinbobola A.

I'm a livestock farmer, certified animal scientist and agro consultant. You can follow Livestocking on Facebook and Twitter. Click here to send me an email
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7 thoughts on “Layer Feed Formulation & Formula”

  1. I’m busayo from Ibadan I’m a young farmer I need only feed formulae for layers and how much will
    cost me?
    I also need ur watsap contact

  2. Hello i am a young aspiring farmer in Botswana,im working on a proposal to set up my animal feed mill,so i need help with the how to build the feed mill,cost and equipment needed to build in also,administrative set up,storage of feeds and alll the general information i could us.
    +267 7712677 my whatsapp number.
    thank you.

  3. Hello. Am a new farmer . I started with 2500 layer chicks. They are about 20/21 weeks. We have fed them with grower mash and about to change to layer mash. However, we are told we can only continue with layer feed of same brand with the grower feed otherwise the chicks will have issues. We want to change for cost consideration replacing with best alternative of good quality . Kindly advise us.


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