There are many breeds of pigs that can be used for commercial pig farming. Choosing the right breed is important, as it will determine many aspects of the production process, such as size of the litter, feed efficiency, and meat quality. In this article, we discussed seven of the best pig breeds for commercial pig farming.
Some pig breeds are poor feed converters, have low mature body weights, have poor carcass quality, produce small litters, and attain maturity late. These are some of the characteristics of pigs that are bad for the pig farming business. So if you want to start a pig farm, begin with any of the following exotic breeds of pigs:
Best Pig Breeds for Pig Farming
1. Large White (Yorkshire)
This breed is entirely white, but they have freckles (black pigment spots). A Large White pig has a moderately long head, a slightly dished face and a broad snout. Its neck is fine, long and evenly full to shoulders with deep and broad chests. Additionally, they have long, level and wide backs. Mature boars have weights between 300 kg and 450 kg, and mature sow weighs between 250 kg and 350 kg. Large White pigs possess good carcass quality. The breed is highly prolific and an efficient feed utilizer.
Breed Characteristics: This breed is also white with freckles. It is known to have a long, deep side, relatively short legs, square ham, heavy lop ears, and trim jowl. It has a leaner carcass than meat as well as less back fat and lard. The Landrace breed is highly prolific and an efficient feed utilizer. A mature male weighs as high as 380 kg and a mature sow weighs up to 320 kg.
Breed Characteristics: The breed is moderately red-colored with shades varying from golden to cherry red color. Duroc pig is well-known to have an excellent weight gain rate and a high feed converter. The sow matures early, produces large litter (up to 15 piglets), and has a good mothering ability. This pig breed has good carcass quality and body weight of about 400 kg and 350 kg for the mature boar and mature sow respectively.
4. Poland China
Breed Characteristics: Poland China pig is black with white patches on the face, feet and snout. It has a large body size and floppy ears. It has strong bones and well-developed legs and feet. It is prolific (produces 16 to 17 piglets per farrow) and has excellent meat and carcass quality. It is also an excellent converter of feed to meat and attains maturity early. A mature boar weighs between 250 kg and 360 kg, and a mature sow weighs between 225 kg – 300 kg.
Breed Characteristics: Camborough pig breed is a perfect fit for a meat pig. The sow is highly prolific (average of 17 piglets per litter) with excellent mothering abilities. The boar has high stamina and is full of vigor. It has great resistance to diseases and superb feed conversion. It is also known to attain maturity early and a long productive life. As a commercial slaughter pig breed, Camborough produces lean meat with less fat. A mature boar weighs up to 400 kg and a mature sow weighs up to 300 kg.
Breed Characteristics: Hampshire pig breed has a black coat color and a white stripe that crosses the shoulder as well as covers the front legs. Its body is long and deep with short legs and a tail that hangs down. Hampshire’s ears are erect and point forward. This breed is a meat breed, with less back fat and lard than the Landrace breed. A mature boar typically weighs 300 kg and a mature sow typically weighs 250 kg.
7. Chester White
Breed Characteristics: The Chester White pig breed has a white coat color and is known for its large ears. It is a slow-growing breed but produces heavy carcasses. The body is long and deep with short legs and a tail that points upwards. The Chester White is a dual-purpose breed, used for meat and reproductive purposes. A mature boar typically weighs 300 kg and a mature sow typically weighs 250 kg.
26 thoughts on “7 Best Pig Breeds for Commercial Pig Farming”
which types of local breed are there
This post is for exotic breeds of pig
which types of local breed of pigs are there
1Which between Poland china and duroc grows faster?
2And which one matures first?
3 is Poland china in Nigeria?
Please do you have so.e Furo for sale?
pls, do you have Camborough breed in Nigeria
Please is there landrace in Lagos
Does large white has hair on their body? Actually want to confirm for identifation
Yes it has.
Where can I get these four breeds mentioned. Large white, duroc, Landrace and Poland China Pig.
Call me on 08161115596
Kindly, where can I get these breed’s piglets and how much does one of each cost?
I would love to get this breeds as pure breed from a reliable source, can you help with importation?
At what age can I start rearing pig
You can start with 8-10 weeks old weaners.
I will like to contact you for more details
I am into piggery and just transformed my farm to contain only exotic breed. I shall source through you.
How can I get this large white and land race in osunstate
I will reach out to you
Good morning. Please i need those 4 kinds of pig breed in my farm. How do i get it.
I live in imo state. Owerri precisely.
Nice post I must say. Please I need the piglets for large white and Duroc, how do I get it I am here in portharcourt.
Ow can I get these 4 breeds in Ijebu-ode. Let me know the cost implications
This is Rexej [email protected] AGRO-POWER ALLIANCE. Am building a commercial pig farm as a beginner and I want advice