Do you know that it starting commercial pig farming with an inferior breed is the wrong thing to do and such a step will affect your ROI negatively? Do you know that it is not all breeds of pigs are good for a piggery business? The breed(s) you choose for your new pig farm determines your profits in addition to the kind of feeding and housing adopted. When you are not making enough profits, how would you expand your swine farm and make it bigger?
Some pig breeds are poor feed converters, have low mature body weights, have poor carcass quality, produce small litters, and attain maturity late. These are some of the characteristics of pigs that are bad for the pig farming business. So if you want to start a pig farm, begin with mixes of the following exotic breeds of pigs:
Best Pig Breeds for Pig Farming
This breed is entirely white, but they have freckles (black pigment spots). A Large White pig has a moderately long head, has a slightly dished face and a broad snout. Its neck is fine, long and evenly full to shoulders with deep and broad chests. Additionally, they have long, level and wide back. Mature boars have weights between 300 kg and 450 kg, and mature sow weighs between 250 kg and 350 kg. Large White pigs possess good carcass quality. The breed is highly prolific and an efficient feed utilizer.
Breed Characteristics: This breed is also white with freckles. It is known to have a long, deep side, relatively short legs, square ham, heavy lop ears, and trim jowl. It has a leaner carcass than meat as well as less back fat and lard. Landrace breed is highly prolific and an efficient feed utilizer. A mature male weighs as high as 380 kg and a mature sow weighs up to 320 kg.
Breed Characteristics: The breed is moderately red-colored with shades varying from a golden to cherry red color. Duroc pig is well-known to have an excellent weight gain rate and a high feed converter. The sow matures early, produces large litter (up to 15 piglets), and has good mothering ability. This pig breed has good carcass quality and body weight of about 400 kg and 350 kg for the mature boar and mature sow respectively.
4. Poland China
Breed Characteristics: Poland China pig is black with white patches on the face, feet and snout. It has a large body size and floppy ears. It has strong bones and well-developed legs and feet. It is prolific (produces 16 to 17 piglets per farrow) and has excellent meat and carcass quality. It is also an excellent converter of feed to meat and attains maturity early. A mature boar weighs between 250 kg and 360 kg, and a mature sow weighs between 225 kg – 300 kg.
The breeds of pig discussed above can be gotten from standard pig farmers or breeders. Even though these breeds might not be pure, they will still retain most of the characteristics and qualities discussed above.