Nutritional Requirements of Pig


Nutrition is a very important aspect of livestock production or farming because it determines the feed that animals need to eat, influences the important body functions, affects the performance of animals and it’s a major factor that must be considered when formulating feed. For pigs to perform optimally in terms of growth, body weight, reproduction, and health, they must be fed with the appropriate and balanced feed containing all required nutrient. The following are the nutritional requirement for pigs at different stages of production.

Also Read: Facts about Pig Farming Business

Nutritional Requirements of Piglet

  • Energy: 2400 – 2600 kcal
  • Crude Protein (CP): 18%
  • Fat: 3.0%
  • Crude Fibre: 3% – 4%
  • Calcium (Ca): 0.45%
  • Phosphorus (P): 0.30%

Nutritional Requirements of Grower Pigs

  • Energy: 2400 – 2500 kcal
  • Crude Protein (CP): 14 – 16%
  • Fat: 3%
  • Crude Fibre: 4.5 – 5%
  • Calcium (Ca): 0.4 – 0.5%
  • Phosphorus (P): 0.45%

Also Read: How To Reduce Feed Costs In Pig Production

Nutritional Requirements of Breeder Pig

  • Energy: 2400 – 2500 kcal
  • Crude Protein (CP): 16 – 18%
  • Fat: 3 – 4%
  • Crude Fibre: 3 – 4%
  • Calcium (Ca): 0.4 – 0.6%
  • Phosphorus (P): 0.4 – 0.5%

Nutritional Requirements of Lactating or Nursing Sow

  • Energy: 2400 – 2600 kcal
  • Crude Protein (CP): 14 – 16%
  • Fat: 3 – 4%
  • Crude Fibre: 3 – 4%
  • Calcium (Ca): 0.4 – 0.6%
  • Phosphorus (P): 0.3 – 0.5%

Also Read: 7 Ways To Reduce Odours On Pig Farms

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