How To Differentiate Male Broilers From Female Broilers

Broilers are one of the popular species of poultry bird that people raise for money or slaughter for meat production. Some people have been in the broilers farming business for some times but couldn’t differentiate a male broiler from a female broiler. I may be wrong but not totally wrong because I have received a number of questions from some people (newbies) concerning this topic. So, to make it easy for others who may find it challenging to figure out the differences between a male broiler and a female broiler, I have come up with this short post.

There are quick ways to determine the sex of a broiler chicken. They are as follows:

  1. Combs and Wattles: Generally, all male poultry birds develop larger, prominent combs and wattles more than the females. So whenever you sight a broiler with a prominent and large comb and wattle, that broiler is 98% guaranteed to be a male broiler.

    male and female broilers
    A male and female broilers

  2. Body, legs and feet sizes: Another way to differentiate a male broiler from a female broiler is by the body size. Male broilers usually have bigger body sizes than female broilers. This wouldn’t happen if the male is a “runt”. This is when you see female broilers have a bigger body size than male broilers of the same age. Additionally, a male broiler tends to have longer, thicker and bigger legs than a female broiler.
  3. Crowing: Mature male broilers make noise (crowing), which is a sex-linked trait common to all male birds. Matured male broilers crow like other roosters while it is a rare trait in female broilers.
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If you are dealing with broiler chicks, it requires professionalism to differentiate both sexes. The method uses include:

  • Cloacal Inspection
  • Feather Inspection

It is possible for female broilers to possess the characteristics of male broilers. That is actually an aberration and it is rare.

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