What is Castration? Castration is simply the destruction or removal of the testes, epididymis, and a part of the spermatic cord from a male animal, e.g. ram, buck, boar and bull. It is an act of rendering an animal sexually inactive or unreproductive.
Health management and biosecurity are very important in livestock production. Both need to be carried out to prevent unnecessary mortality, revenue loss due to death, raising unwholesome animals for human consumption.
Generally, in the animal kingdom, except in higher primates like apes, bamboos, etc., female animals have a particular period when they willingly allow mating with the males. This period is known as the heat period or estrus period.
Good animal husbandry starts with proper health care and management. Livestock production is greatly affected by diseases. Knowing these diseases is important in planning and organizing effective animal healthcare programs. So, every livestock farmer should note the following precautions to maintain the good health of their animals.